Exodus 19-20


Verse of the Week

“Now if you will obey me and keep my covenant, you will be my own special treasure from among all the peoples on earth; for all the earth belongs to me.” [Exodus 19:5]

The Main Idea

The giving of the 10 commandments is a major event in the story of the Bible. The people of God had been in slavery in Egypt for 400 years and didn’t understand how to live as free people. The commandments were a part of God’s covenant. His desire for the Israelites (His chosen people) was to live in a way that was holy, honoring and obedient to the God that called them and rescued them out of Egypt.

Major Points


Point 1 - Seeing God for Who He Is

At Mt. Sinai we get a picture of the holiness and purity of God in comparison to our sinful state. No person could come close to the boundary near the mountain or else they would die being that close to the presence of God. Even the priests had to be purified even for worship near the mountain. We learn that God is very serious about sin. It couldn’t be imagined that any one of them could go up the mountain to actually appear before God, only Moses could climb the mountain and receive God’s commandments. Remember, Moses is a picture of Jesus and shows that Jesus is the only one worthy to appear before God on our behalf. (See Hebrews 7:25-28) In the way that no one in the camp and climb the mountain to get to God, none of us can climb the mountain to get to God. We need a better Moses.


Point 2 - Seeing Us For We Are

Have you ever thought about what it looks like to be accepted by God? Through the giving of the 10 commandments we will soon begin to see through the rest of the Old Testament that Israel is unable to keep their end of the covenant and obey God’s Law. In fact, throughout the rest of the book we find that everyone (including us) is unable to keep the commandments perfectly. In fact, when we look at the Bible as a whole, we miss the mark of perfection at each commandment. That’s because the ultimate purpose of the 10 commandments is to EXPOSE us in our sin and show us that we are unable to be made right with God through our own righteousness (see Romans 3:11-20). We’re left asking the question, what does it look like to be made right with God?


Point 3 - Seeing Jesus for What He's Done

In Jesus, we see that God showed us a way to be made right with him without keeping the requirements of the law. This happens by placing our faith in Jesus Christ (See Romans 3:21-24). We could never climb the mountain to get to God, but rather Jesus came down from heaven to save us. Jesus left Mount Zion (heaven) to come live amongst us all. He was the perfection we see in the Law and was able to maintain the purity required to stand before God. Yet, Jesus did climb a mountain for us, just like Moses. His mountain was a place called Calvary, where he died and received the punishment for all sin. Through faith in Him, we can be saved and made right with God.



Question Bank

  1. How has your week been spiritually?

  2. What has God shown you in this passage?

  3. Would you say you have a healthy fear of the Lord?

  4. Why is having a healthy fear of the Lord so critical for believers?

  5. How good do you have to be to get to heaven? How bad?

  6. How are we made right with God?


Questions for Personal Accountability

(These don’t have to be discussed openly but leave your group with this thought)

What are the results we see in someone who has received Jesus by faith?